Chili origins and migration

‘Mexico and northern Central America are believed to be the birthplace of C. annuum, and South America of C. frutescens. These were first introduced to South Asia in the 16th century and have now become the two most important species in the region. Few could have imagined the impact of Columbus’ discovery of a spice so pungent that it rivalled the better known black pepper native to South Asia. India is now the largest producer of chilis in the world.’ – PlantCultures