Chili pepper plant identification – pods

First, a disclaimer: the characteristics described below are generalizations – there are always exceptions; hence, they must be taken in connection with other identifying traits. The more distinguishing characteristics are highlighted. Also, I am focusing here on the five main species of the Capsicum genus; there are many others, though not as common/popular.

SPECIES

PODS

C. annuum 


C. baccatum 


C. chinense 


C. frutescens 


C. pubescens 


Calyx (junction of pod with stem): without  constriction at junction with stem (though sometimes irregularly wrinkled) without  constriction at junction with stem (though sometimes irregularly wrinkled) usually with constriction at junction with stem without constriction at junction with stem (though often irregularly wrinkled) without constriction at junction with stem
Calyx teeth: often prolonged into short teeth prolonged into prominent teeth not prolonged into teeth usually not prolonged into teeth prolonged into teeth
Fruit: usually erect and become pendant as they mature pointy and erect usually pear- or apple-shaped
Fruit flesh: usually firm (soft in certain varieties) firm firm often soft firm
Seeds: straw-colored straw-colored straw-colored straw-colored dark in color
Examples: C. annuum pod C. baccatum podC. baccatum pod C. chinense podC. chinense pod C. frutescens podC. frutescens pod C. pubescens pod
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