Posts tagged ‘Tabasco’

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Tabasco (C. frutescens)

According to Floridata, “C. frutescens and C. chinense are quite difficult to distinguish, and many authorities lump them as one species, C. frutescens, which is characterized by having two or more purple or greenish white flowers at each node. […] C. frutescens (including C. chinense) probably originated in the Amazon basin of South America.”

Wikipedia has the following to say: “the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth […]. The tapered fruits, around 4 cm long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red. Tabascos rate from 30,000 to 50,000 on the Scoville scale of heat levels, and are the only variety of chili pepper whose fruits are “juicy”; i.e., they are not dry on the inside. Unlike most chilis, tabasco fruits grow up, rather than hanging down from their stems.

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C. frutescens varieties

Some of the varieties of this species include:

  • Tabasco
  • African Birdseye
  • Malagueta
  • Thai Pepper
  • Demon Red
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C. frutescens

Capsicum frutescens facts (from TheChileMan):

  • C. frutescens (“shrubby” or “bushy”) is not widely cultivated with the exception of the Tabasco, which has been used in the manufacture of the world-famous sauce since 1848.
  • Another famous variety is the Malagueta, which grows in the Amazon basin (Brazil) where the species probably originated.
  • C. frutescens plants have a compact habit, have many stems and grow between 30 and 120 cm high depending upon local conditions.
  • The flowers have greenish white corollas with no spots and purple anthers.
  • Pod types – less varied than the other species (with the exception of C. pubescens) – are often small, pointy and grow erect on the plants.
  • This species is particularly good for container gardening – a single plant can produce 100 or more pods.